Write an essay in which you argue HOW the Post World War II period was either more detrimental than beneficial, or more beneficial than detrimental.
An Essay Supporting the Idea that Post World War II was More Beneficial than Detrimental
The period following the culmination of the Second World War saw the rise or development of myriad beneficial outcomes that changed people’s lives in America and elsewhere worldwide. Before the abandonment of its Isolation policy (i.e., the stance taken by America to avoid unnecessary interference in the ongoing First World War that broadly engulfed much of Europe in war), the American economy relatively thrived accordingly compared to the benefactors of the War in Europe. However, the neutrality of America as a nation would not last long following the outbreak of the Second World War set in motion by myriad Axis powers, with Germany being at the helm of this power-seeking war to expand its influence and sovereignty. While its participation in the Second World War fostered subsequent developments of negative social, economic, and political impacts on its economy, the American economy certainly recuperated and thrived shortly after the end of the insidious and fascist war. Over the years, the debate about whether Post World War II led to the development of beneficial or negative outcomes has raged on among myriad political and scholarly forums. On the one hand, proponents argue that Post World War II led to the establishment of numerous policies and programs that subsequently improved the livelihoods of many Americans. Opponents, on the other hand, surmise that the period following the culmination of World War 2 did less in addressing the myriad challenges Americans faced during the Great Depression. Thus far, I argue that Post World War II increasingly paved the way for the development of several favorable opportunities whose outcomes greatly improved the lives of many Americans.
Reasons Post World War II was More Beneficial than Detrimental
The end of the Second World War fought between the Axis and Allied global powers, brought a diverse array of positive socioeconomic and geopolitical outcomes. In particular, the triumphant victory achieved by the Allied Powers (i.e., Great Britain, Soviet Union, United States, and France) against the fascist doctrines of fascism and Nazism doctrines embraced and supported in large part by Axis powers (i.e., Nazi Germany, Imperial Japan, and Fascist Italy) set the stage for the spread of democratic ideals. The Truman Doctrine of 1947 stipulated that the United States would provide military and economic support or assistance to nations that would dispense with communist ideals (Corbett et al., 2014). Indeed, the Truman Doctrine repositioned the place occupied by the United States on the world stage because the provision of military and economic aid to Turkey and Greece in the ensuing years Post World War II enabled it to gain more allies in the fight to exterminate Communism while simultaneously promoting the expansion of democratic ideals beyond its national borders.
Opportunity to fight Racism
The period that ensued after the culmination of the Second World War also created favorable opportunities for thwarting racial discrimination in America. Following the aforementioned war, several African American veterans who had sacrificed their lives in the fight against tyranny in Europe came back home hoping they would gain and enjoy unfettered access to equal rights as their white counterparts. However, the scenario back home had not changed, and many Blacks returned to find that their folks still endured racial discrimination in many areas, including gaining access to well-paying employment opportunities, better healthcare, and housing (Colbert et al., 2014). Having fought and succeeded in the war against bigotry and racial discrimination in Europe, African Americans decisively mustered courage and decided to champion the rights of their folk in the name of freedom. Indeed, many Civil Rights Movements surged in America in the periods following the end of the Second World War. Foner (2017) states that President Truman’s appointed Commission on Civil Rights, charged with the sole responsibility to defend the rights of myriad African Americans, increasingly played a significant role in waging war against racial discrimination in America. As a result, the said commission worked tirelessly in the following years to address the issue of social and racial inequality in America by improving the access of myriad Blacks to better education, healthcare, housing, and employment opportunities.
Implementation of Reformist Economic and Social Policies
Besides, Corbett et al. (2014) equally argue that the Truman Doctrine and Fair Deal also led to the adoption of myriad economic and social policies whose implementation increasingly aimed to reduce the economic strain on minority groups, none more so than African Americans. Indeed, the GI Bill of Rights greatly sought to provide many male and female veterans that had fought overseas in Europe to readjust to American society with economic support such as grants to pursue further education. In the end, many Americans gained professional skills that enabled these folk to secure better-paying employment opportunities.
Detriments of Post-World War II (Opposing Standpoints)
A key counterargument that seemingly seeks to downplay the abovementioned benefits stemming from the Post World War II period is the perpetuity of racial discrimination in a nation that sat at the forefront of championing freedom, human rights, and democracy across the world. Many African Americans and several other minority groups still faced numerous social and economic challenges as many could not afford to cater for their livelihoods, such as renting quality housing in hygienic environments, gaining access to jobs with better pay, and quality healthcare due to lack of insurance (Corbett et al., 2014). Indeed, Truman’s Fair Deal proposed adopting healthcare reforms that faced increasing opposition from Republican members of Congress.
Drawing on the findings discussed in the above arguments, I strongly argue that the period following the end of the Second World War led to the development of more benefits than negative outcomes in both America and the rest of the world. Implementation of the Truman Doctrine and Fair Deal played a huge role in paving the way for the development of an equitable American society wherein minority groups had similar access to rights enjoyed by their white counterparts. Other benefits include the rise of the United States as a global superpower, especially following the collapse of the Soviet Union along with its Communist ideals.
Corbett, P. S., Janssen, V., Lund, J. M., Pfannestiel, T., Waskiewicz, S., & Vickery, P. (2014). The Challenges of Peacetime. In U.S. History. OpenStax. https://openstax.org/books/us-history/pages/28-1-the-challenges-of-peacetime
Foner, E. (2017). Voices of freedom. A documentary history. W.W. Norton & Company.