Provide an example of evidence of healthcare disparities

The manifestation of healthcare disparities among disparate ethnic and racial minorities still pervades the American healthcare arena. According to the Institute of Medicine (2003), myriad American ethnic or racial minorities continually experience increased mortality and morbidity rates compared to non-minorities or whites. Amerindians inexplicably succumb to liver cirrhosis, unintentional injuries, and diabetes. Asian-Americans similarly experience a widespread manifestation of cervical, liver, and stomach cancers that surpass the national statistics (Institute of Medicine, 2003). African Americans have the highest mortality rates from HIV/AIDS, cerebrovascular disease, cancer, and heart disease compared to other ethnic and racial groups in the United States (Institute of Medicine, 2003). Compared to non-Hispanic whites, Hispanic Americans increasingly succumb to diabetes.

Discuss how racial and ethnic disparities are found in many sectors of American life

The American healthcare system is increasingly rife with disparities. A notable factor determining health outcomes is ready access to quality healthcare. Several ethnic and racial minority groups in America lack the means to access healthcare. According to the Institute of Medicine (2003), African Americans, Amerindians, Asian Americans, Alaska Natives, and Hispanics almost always lack healthcare insurance compared to their white counterparts. The aforementioned groups similarly do not have many places for receiving care. Ethnic and racial minorities are more likely to receive low-quality healthcare services compared to whites. Institute of Medicine (2003) reportedly ascertains that Hispanics and African Americans are less likely to receive cardiac medication such as beta-blockers, aspirin, and thrombolytic therapy. Other factors at play similarly influence the access to healthcare between racial minority groups and whites in America. Such factors include the type of healthcare insurance coverage, education, and socioeconomic status. Overall, lack of access to quality healthcare leads to higher morbidity and mortality rates among diverse ethnic and racial groups in America.



Institute of Medicine. 2003. Unequal Treatment: Confronting Racial and Ethnic Disparities in Health Care. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press.


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