Role of Employee Motivation in Modern Management

Modern management sets context for achieving an organization’s goals and objectives. A manager manipulates financial, technological, and human resources to enhance an organization’s productivity. On their part, employees play invaluable roles that determine an organization’s success. The proliferation of technological advancement and globalization has made business more competitive in recent times. Therefore, modern managers have to adopt strategies, such as employee motivation, to improve the viability of a firm in the market. Employee motivation encompasses creating a sound environment riddled with conditions, such as reward provisions that improve their performance. Motivated employees dedicate their time, attitude, and focus towards accomplishing personal and organizational objectives. An analysis of employee motivation strategies reviews its implications in modern management.

Employee level of expectations in Modern Management

Improving employees’ efficiency relies on their levels of expectations. The level of an employee’s commitment to an organization’s course depends on anticipation of positive outcomes (Aleksić-Glišović et al., 2019). A company that motivates its employees by providing rewards, recognition, and promotion sets the context for its employees’ expectations. Similarly, an organizational culture that rewards better performance motivates its employees to be more productive. Therefore, modern managers have to incentivize their employees’ performance using rewards, appraisals, and recognition (Aleksić-Glišović et al., 2019). Properly motivated employees perform efficiently to ensure the success of an organization. Effective employees dedicate their time, passion, and attention to accomplishing the objectives of a firm. Higher levels of productivity subsequently reduce a firm’s production cost (Wheelen et al., 2017). Ultimately, this promotes the achievement of the firm’s goals leading to success.

Equitable Work Environment

Creating an equitable work environment similarly improves the efficiency of employees. A company that treats its employees fairly consequently increases the productivity of its workers. According to Lee and Raschke (2016), an equitable work environment breeds virtuous attributes in the workplace, such as dedication, commitment, and obligation. These attributes create employees who commit to accomplishing an organization’s success unconditionally. The creation of such a framework requires modern managers to adopt strategies for motivating employees (Wheelen et al., 2017). Implementing measures, such as performance appraisals and promotions, increase employees’ productivity (Aleksić-Glišović et al., 2019). Adoption of such strategies also enable modern management to improve the success of the organization. A productive workforce dedicates its passion and interest to accomplishing a firm’s success. To that end, fostering equality in the workplace plays a vital role in modern management.

Goal Setting

Modern managers can similarly improve employee performance by setting specific goals for different tasks. Specificity in goal setting promotes clarity of understanding the objective of assigned tasks. Establishing specific objectives increases an employee’s level of commitment to meeting objectives (Gerdeman, 2019). Findings from reputable research show that assigning employees tasks with clearly defined objectives improves their productivity level. However, assigning employees tasks with general goals gives them difficulty in producing results. A general goal-setting approach causes strain due to a lack of specificity about the objectives to achieve. Therefore, modern managers must use this approach to increase the productivity levels of employees (Bawa, 2017). Properly motivated employees have a clear picture of what goals to achieve in the end. A productive workforce dedicates its potential towards achieving the objectives and goals of a firm. Improvement of an organization’s productivity levels measures the economic ability of the firm to break new markets.


In sum, a rigorous recap of employee motivation explores its broader implications in modern management. Employee motivation improves the performance of employees. A motivated workforce is vital to the attainment of the success of a firm. Modern managers can motivate their employees using wide-ranging techniques. Strategies for motivating employees include fostering equality at the workplace and provision of rewards and promotions.


Aleksić-Glišović, M., Jerotijević, G., & Jerotijević, Z. (2019). Modern approaches to employee motivation. Ekonomika65(2), 121-133.

Bawa, M. A. (2017). Employee motivation and productivity: a review of literature and implications for management practice. International Journal of Economics, Commerce and Management12, 662-673.

Gerdeman, D. (2019). Forget Cash. Here Are Better Ways to Motivate Employees. HBS Working Knowledge. Retrieved 4 April 2021, from

Lee, M., & Raschke, R. (2016). Understanding employee motivation and organizational performance: Arguments for a set-theoretic approach. Journal Of Innovation & Knowledge1(3), 162-169.

Wheelen, T. L., Hunger, J. D., Hoffman, A. N., & Bamford, C. E. (2017). Strategic management and business policy. Boston, MA: pearson.

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